At the end of World War II, Japan was occupied by the Allied Powers, led by the United States with a contribution from the British Commonwealth. This foreign presence marked the first time in its history that the island nation had been occupied by a foreign power. Post-war Japan was chaotic. Emperor Hirohito's surrender broadcast was a profound shock to Japanese citizens. After years of being told about Japan's military might and the inevitability of victory, these beliefs were proven false in the space of a few minutes. But for many people, these were only secondary concerns since they were also facing starvation and homelessness. From 1945-1952, needing to rebuild its economy, Japan was allowed to export goods by marking 50% of all items with "Occupied Japan" or "Made in Occupied Japan." See "Occupation of Japan". Wikipedia. Retrieved 2014-11-02.