Pokemon is a media franchise published by Japanese video game company Nintendo, owned by The Pokemon Company, and created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996, focused on the titular creatures. Originally released as a pair of interlinkable Game Boy role-playing video games developed by Game Freak, Pokemon has since become the second-most successful and lucrative video game-based media franchise in the world, behind only Nintendo's Mario franchise. Pokemon properties have since been merchandised into anime, manga, trading cards, toys, books, and other media. See "Pokemon". Wikipedia. Retrieved 2014-11-20.