Oranda is the Japanese word for both Holland and Dutch. Relations between Japan and the Dutch date back to 1609 when formal trade relations were established in 1609 by requests from Englishman William Adams. The Dutch were granted extensive trading rights and set up a Dutch East India Company trading outpost at Hirado. When the Shimabara uprising of 1637 happened, in which Christian Japanese started a rebellion against the Tokugawa shogunate, it was crushed with the help of the Dutch. As a result, all Christian nations who gave aid to the rebels were expelled, leaving the Dutch the only commercial partner from the West. See "Japan-Netherlands relations". Wikipedia. Retrieved 2014-12-12. Consequently, numerous exchanges occurred, leading to a branch of Western learning in Japan known as rangaku. Moreover, a number of terms were adopted from Dutch into the Japanese language. At one point, some 3,000 words are thought to have been used, especially in the areas of technical and scientific vocabulary. About 160 such words of Dutch origin remain in use today in standard Japanese. See "Japanese words of Dutch origin". Wikipedia. Retrieved 2015-01-13.