Gifu has played an important role in Japan's history because of its location in the middle of the country. During the Sengoku period, various warlords, including Oda Nobunaga, used the area as a base in an attempt to unify and control Japan. Gifu continued to flourish even after Japan's unification as both an important shukuba along the Edo period Nakasendo and, later, as one of Japan's fashion centers. Source: "Gifu, Gifu." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. See "Gifu, Gifu". Wikipedia. Retrieved 2014-11-07.