The birth of the sosaku-hanga movement was signaled by Kanae Yamamoto's (1882-1946) small print called "Fisherman" in 1904. Departing from the ukiyo-e collaborative system, Kanae Yamamoto made the print solely on his own, all the way from drawing, carving and printing. Such principles of "self-drawn" (jiga), "self-carved" (jikoku) and "self-printed" (jizuri), according to which the artist, with the desire of expressing the self, is the sole creator of art. The movement struggled for existence in prewar Japan along with other art movements, and gained its momentum and flourished in postwar Japan as the genuine heir of the ukiyo-e tradition. See "Sosaku hanga". Wikipedia. Retrieved 2014-11-6.